Impact Properties of Hemp Natural – Glass Fibers Hybrid Polypropylene Sandwich Composites
One way to improve the mechanical properties of composite structures is by hybridizing natural and synthetic fibers. Besides that, combined with sandwich structure composites consists of two relatively strong, thin, and stiff faces separated by a core, for example, balsa, foam, and honeycomb, a relatively thick lightweight. This research develops sandwich composites for structures that have able to withstand high loads and modulus-to-weight ratios but can absorb impacts through impact tests by utilizing the raw material of jute natural fiber, which is abundant in Indonesia so that this research study can predict the effect of variations in the hybridization of hemp natural fiber and the combination of hemp natural fiber with e-glass using polypropylene core sandwich composites by using hand lay-up and vacuum bagging methods. The current impact test results show that the hemp natural-e-glass fibers hybrid sandwich composites get a higher impact strength with a value of 0,019 J/mm² than the hemp-PP honeycomb hybrid sandwich composite with a value of 0,013 J/mm². It shows that by combining e-glass fiber in the composite, it can increase its impact strength and can be a lightweight structural material as being a new alternative material of jute and e-glass natural fiber hybrid sandwich composites with polypropylene cores to substitute conventional materials such as metals which is potential for applications in the automotive, building, and unmanned aerial vehicle industries.
ASTM D6110-10. (2018). Standard Test Method for Determining the Charpy Impact Resistance of Notched Specimens of Plastics. Annual Book of ASTM Standards. United States: ASTM International.
Balogun, O. P., Alaneme, K. K., Adediran, A. A., Oladele, I. O., Omotoyinbo, J. A., & Tee, K. F. (2022). Evaluation of the Physical and Mechanical Properties of Short Entada mannii-Glass Fiber Hybrid Composites. Fibers, 10(3), 30. https://doi.org/10.3390/fib10030030
Banowati, L., Yudhistira, M., & Hartopo, H. (2022). Analisis Perbandingan Kekuatan Komposit Hybrid Sandwich Serat Rami-E-Glass/Epoxy Berdasarkan Variasi Ketebalan Core Kayu Balsa Terhadap Kemampuan Uji Bending. 7, 69–78. https://doi.org/10.28989/senatik.v7i0.465
Biron, M. (2018). Thermoplastics and thermoplastic composites. William Andrew. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-08-102501-7.00006-0
Bouhfid, N., Raji, M., Boujmal, R., Essabir, H., Bensalah, M.-O., & Bouhfid, R. (2019). Numerical modeling of hybrid composite materials. In Modelling of damage processes in biocomposites, fibre-reinforced composites and hybrid composites (pp. 57–101). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-08-102289-4.00005-9
Deshmukh, G. S. (2022). Advancement in hemp fibre polymer composites: A comprehensive review. Journal of Polymer Engineering, 42(7), 575–598. https://doi.org/10.1515/polyeng-2022-0033
Fatima, N. S., Dhaliwal, G. S., & Newaz, G. (2021). Influence of interfacial adhesive on impact and post-impact behaviors of CFRP/end-grain balsawood sandwich composites. Composites Part B: Engineering, 212, 108718. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2021.108718
Fazzolari, F. A. (2017). Sandwich structures. In Stability and vibrations of thin walled composite structures (pp. 49–90). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-08-100410-4.00002-8
Frącz, W., Janowski, G., & Bąk, Ł. (2021). Influence of the alkali treatment of flax and hemp fibers on the properties of PHBV based biocomposites. Polymers, 13(12), 1965. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13121965
Ghasemzadeh-Barvarz, M., Duchesne, C., & Rodrigue, D. (2015). Mechanical, water absorption, and aging properties of polypropylene/flax/glass fiber hybrid composites. Journal of Composite Materials, 49(30), 3781–3798. https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998314568576
Kapila, K., Samanta, S., & Kirtania, S. (2021). Fabrication and Characterization of Ramie Fiber Based Hybrid Composites. 839–848. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-7711-6_83
Liu, M., Thygesen, A., Summerscales, J., & Meyer, A. S. (2017). Targeted pre-treatment of hemp bast fibres for optimal performance in biocomposite materials: A review. Industrial Crops and Products, 108, 660–683. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2017.07.027
Mataram, A., & Besi, N. P. (2019). Effect of Thickness Layer of Kenaf Fibre Reinfoeced Fibre Glass, Against Impact of Hybrid Composite Sandwich with Core Sengon. Journal of Mechanical Science and Engineering, 6(1), 013–017. https://doi.org/10.36706/jmse.v6i1.30
Melaibari, A., Wagih, A., Basha, M., Lubineau, G., Al-Athel, K., & Eltaher, M. A. (2022). Sandwich composite laminate with intraply hybrid woven CFRP/dyneema core for enhanced impact damage resistance and tolerance. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 21, 1784–1797. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmrt.2022.10.026
Rafiqah, S. A., Diyana, A. N., Abdan, K., & Sapuan, S. (2023). Effect of Alkaline Treatment on Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Miswak (Salvadora persica) Fiber-Reinforced Polylactic Acid. Polymers, 15(9), 2228. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym15092228
Ramakrishnan, G., Ramnath, B. V., Vignesh, C., Vignesh, L., Perunddevan, T., & VidhyaRajan, M. (2018). Sandwich and Natural fiber composites-A review. 390(1), 012067. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/390/1/012067
Reddy, C. J., & Madhu, V. (2017). Dynamic behaviour of foams and sandwich panels under shock wave loading. Procedia Engineering, 173, 1627–1634. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2016.12.260
Sanjay, M. R., Arpitha, G., & Yogesha, B. (2015). Study on mechanical properties of natural-glass fibre reinforced polymer hybrid composites: A review. Materials Today: Proceedings, 2(4–5), 2959–2967. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2015.07.264
Sanjay, M., & Yogesha, B. (2017). Studies on natural/glass fiber reinforced polymer hybrid composites: An evolution. Materials Today: Proceedings, 4(2), 2739–2747. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2017.02.151
Sathish, T., Palani, K., Natrayan, L., Merneedi, A., De Poures, M. V., & Singaravelu, D. K. (2021). Synthesis and characterization of polypropylene/ramie fiber with hemp fiber and coir fiber natural biopolymer composite for biomedical application. International Journal of Polymer Science, 2021, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/2462873
Sathyanarayana V., Sharath N., Dr. Irfan G., Swetadri Srinivasan, & Akshaya institute of technology tumkur. (2016). A Theoretical and Experimental Approach for Sandwich Composites. International Journal of Engineering Research And, V5(03), IJERTV5IS030641. https://doi.org/10.17577/IJERTV5IS030641
Shahril, S. M., Ridzuan, M. J. M., Majid, M. S. A., Bariah, A. M. N., Rahman, M. T. A., & Narayanasamy, P. (2022). Alkali treatment influence on cellulosic fiber from Furcraea foetida leaves as potential reinforcement of polymeric composites. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 19, 2567–2583. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmrt.2022.06.002
Swolfs, Y., Gorbatikh, L., & Verpoest, I. (2014). Fibre hybridisation in polymer composites: A review. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 67, 181–200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesa.2014.08.027
Weijermars, W. (2016). Mechanical behaviour of composite sandwich panels in bending after impact (Master's thesis, University of Twente).
Yudhanto, F. (2015). Pengaruh Perlakuan Alkali Pada Serat Agave dan Ketebalan Inti Terhadap Kekuatan Bending Komposit Sandwich Serat Agave-Polyester dengan Inti Kayu Olahan (Engineering Wood). Teknoin, 21(1). https://doi.org/10.20885/teknoin.vol21.iss1.art6
Copyright (c) 2023 Indonesian Journal of Applied Research (IJAR)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright publishing of the article shall be assigned/transferred to Indonesian Journal of Applied Research (IJAR) Universitas Djuanda as Publisher of the journal. Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Copyright Transfer Agreement'. An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a 'Copyright Transfer Agreement' form by online version of this agreement.
Indonesian Journal of Applied Research (IJAR) Universitas Djuanda, the Editors and the Editorial Board make every effort to ensure that no wrong or misleading data, opinions or statements be published in the journal. In any way, the contents of the articles and advertisements published in the Indonesian Journal of Applied Research (IJAR) Universitas Djuanda are sole and exclusive responsibility of their respective authors and advertisers.
Remember, even though we ask for a transfer of copyright, our journal authors retain (or are granted back) significant scholarly rights as mention before.
The Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA) Form can be downloaded here: Copyright Transfer Agreement-IJAR 2020
The copyright form should be signed electronically and send to the Editorial Office e-mail below:
Prof. Dr. Ir. Dede Kardaya, M.Si. (Editor-in-Chief)
Jl. Tol Jagorawi No.1, Ciawi, Kec. Ciawi, Bogor, Jawa Barat 16720