• Andi Setyo Pambudi Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional, Indonesia
Keywords: Kineros; Run-off; Watershed; Spatial


Topics protection of catchment area relating to land use to support sustainability and environmental capacity is an interesting topic to be discussed scientifically. The increasing frequency of floods, droughts, landslides, and water crises are recently showed that the management of watersheds (DAS) has not been optimal. The Kineros Model for predicting the effect of land use on the surface run-off need to be improve in application. This paper has shown that the protection of natural ecosystems has a better impact than infrastructure development, especially about preventing inundation due to high surface runoff. This journal will strengthen the need for watershed-scale erosion prediction analysis because of its ability to define strategic areas of policy intervention to enable policymakers and the community to carry out recovery programs/activities more effectively and focused. The accuracy of determining the location of the policy has an impact on cost, time, and energy efficiency. Spatial calculation/analysis models combined with social and economic approaches will create a balanced and integrated sustainable development. The reviewer suggests a realistic combination of approaches, which combines the spatial aspects and technocratic calculations aspects of economic instruments that become balanced in a multidisciplinary concept.


Arsyad, S. (2009). Konservasi tanah dan air. PT Penerbit IPB Press.

Asdak, C. (2018). Hidrologi dan pengelolaan daerah aliran sungai. Gadjah Mada University Press.

Bisri, M., Limantara, L. M., Prasetyorini, L., & Chasanawati, D. (2017). Application of the Kineros model for predicting the effect of land use on the surface run-off Case study in Brantas sub-watershed, Klojen District, Malang City, East Java Province of Indonesia. Journal of Water and Land Development.

Chow, V., Maidment, D., & Mays, L. (1988). Applied Hydrology, McGraw. Inc, New York, USA.

Cumming, G. S. (2016). The relevance and resilience of protected areas in the Anthropocene. Anthropocene, 13, 46–56.

Eng, S. M., & Dr, I. (2002). Pelestarian Sumber Daya Tanah dan Air. Penerbit Andi Yogyakarta.

Fortuño Ibáñez, J., Gómez Valentín, M., & Jang, D. (2021). Application of the KINEROS 2 Model to Natural Basin for Estimation of Erosion. Applied Sciences, 11(19), 9320.

Gull, S., & Shah, S. R. (2020). Watershed models for assessment of hydrological behavior of the catchments: A comparative study. Water Practice and Technology, 15(2), 261–281.

Halim, F. (2014). Pengaruh hubungan tata guna lahan dengan debit banjir pada Daerah Aliran Sungai Malalayang. Jurnal Ilmiah Media Engineering, 4(1).

Indonesia, P. R. (1999). Undang Undang No. 41 Tahun 1999 Tentang: Kehutanan. Sekretariat Negara. Jakarta.

Kagoya, S., Paudel, K. P., & Daniel, N. L. (2018). Awareness and adoption of soil and water conservation technologies in a developing country: A case of Nabajuzi Watershed in Central Uganda. Environmental Management, 61(2), 188–196.

Kalbusch, A., Henning, E., Brikalski, M. P., de Luca, F. V., & Konrath, A. C. (2020). Impact of coronavirus (COVID-19) spread-prevention actions on urban water consumption. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 163, 105098.

Katusiime, J., & Schütt, B. (2020). Linking land tenure and integrated watershed management—A review. Sustainability, 12(4), 1667.

Kindu, M., Schneider, T., Döllerer, M., Teketay, D., & Knoke, T. (2018). Scenario modelling of land use/land cover changes in Munessa-Shashemene landscape of the Ethiopian highlands. Science of the Total Environment, 622, 534–546.

Kodoatie, R. J. (2002). Banjir: Beberapa penyebab dan metode pengendaliannya dalam perspektif lingkungan. Pustaka Pelajar.

Li, R., Zheng, H., Lv, S., Liao, W., & Lu, F. (2018). Development and evaluation of a new index to assess hydrologic regulating service at sub-watershed scale. Ecological Indicators, 86, 9–17.

Nabi, G., Hussain, F., Wu, R.-S., Nangia, V., Bibi, R., & Majid, A. (2017). Optimizing micro watershed management for soil erosion control under various slope gradient and vegetation cover conditions using SWAT modeling. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions, 1–22.

Neal, M. J. (2020). COVID-19 and water resources management: Reframing our priorities as a water sector. Water International, 45(5), 435–440.

Nearing, M., Jetten, V., Baffaut, C., Cerdan, O., Couturier, A., Hernandez, M., Le Bissonnais, Y., Nichols, M., Nunes, J., & Renschler, C. (2005). Modeling response of soil erosion and runoff to changes in precipitation and cover. Catena, 61(2–3), 131–154.


Pambudi, A.S. (2021). Erosion and Watershed Conservation on Environmental Perspective (Erosi dan Konservasi Daerah Aliran Sungai dalam Perspektif Ilmu Lingkungan). ISBN : 978-623-6105-90-0. Jawa Tengah: Amerta Media

Pambudi, A. S. (2019). Watershed management in Indonesia: A regulation, institution, and policy review. Jurnal Perencanaan Pembangunan: The Indonesian Journal of Development Planning, 3(2), 185–202.

Pambudi, A. S. (2021). Overview and evaluation of the Indonesia’s water resources management policies for food security. Applied Environmental Studies, 84.

Pambudi, A. S., Moersidik, S. S., & Karuniasa, M. (2020). Keterkaitan Perilaku Masyarakat dengan Penggunaan Lahan dan Erosivitas Limpasan Permukaan di Sub DAS Lesti, Kab. Malang (Relationship between community behavior with land use and surface runoff erosivity in Lesti Subwatershed, Malang District). Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai (Journal of Watershed Management Research), 4(2), 155–172.

Pourghasemi, H. R., Gayen, A., Edalat, M., Zarafshar, M., & Tiefenbacher, J. P. (2020). Is multi-hazard mapping effective in assessing natural hazards and integrated watershed management? Geoscience Frontiers, 11(4), 1203–1217.

Reddy, V. R., Saharawat, Y. S., & George, B. (2017). Watershed management in South Asia: A synoptic review. Journal of Hydrology, 551, 4–13.

Teka, K., Haftu, M., Ostwald, M., & Cederberg, C. (2020). Can integrated watershed management reduce soil erosion and improve livelihoods? A study from northern Ethiopia. International Soil and Water Conservation Research, 8(3), 266–276.

Watson, J. E., Dudley, N., Segan, D. B., & Hockings, M. (2014). The performance and potential of protected areas. Nature, 515(7525), 67–73.

How to Cite
Pambudi, A. S. (2021). REVIEW OF THE KINEROS MODEL FOR PREDICTING THE EFFECT OF LAND USE ON THE SURFACE RUN-OFF. Indonesian Journal of Applied Research (IJAR), 2(3), 160-169.